Echinococcus multilocularis in dogs and cats

Common info

Echinococcus multilocularis is a tapeworm that is present in dogs and other Canis species. Sometimes, it can also found in cats. Echinococcus multilocularis larvae live in mice. When dogs and cats infect Echinococcus multilocularis, they will asymptomatic.


In 1863, Leuckart described the cysts (amniotic sac) of the Echinococcus multilocularis that, Echinococcus multilocularis were different from the cysts caused by Echinococcus granulosus.


Mice get infected Echinococcus multilocularis from contaminated food and water. Echinococcus multilocularis larvae enter the intestine to the liver and create cyst bags. When dogs and cats eat infected mice, Echinococcus multilocularis will break out to grow and lay eggs in the small intestine.


  • Asymptomatic

The infection Echinococcus multilocularis in dogs and cats is not dangerous and usually do asymptomatic, except getting infected with a large number of Echinococcus multilocularis, which is unusual.

Treatment and Prevention

Echinococcus multilocularis in dogs and cats can treat by using Praziquantel. Keep dogs and cats away from animals that expect to have Echinococcus multilocularis is the best prevention.

  1. Wikipedia | Information of Echinococcus multilocularis
  2. Wikipedia | Information of Echinococcosis (Thai version)
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  5. Vet KKU | Echinococcus granulosus (Thai version)
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  9. Vuitton, D.A. and B. Gottstein. 2010. Echinococcus multilocularis and Its Intermediate Host: A Model of Parasite-Host Interplay. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 923193: 1-14.
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