Bladder stones or uroliths
Crystals accumulation can coalesce into stones called urinary calculi or uroliths. It can occur throughout the urinary from the ureter, bladder, to the Urethra. Some 85% of the disease in pets can be found in the bladder.
Crystals accumulation can coalesce into stones called urinary calculi or uroliths. It can occur throughout the urinary from the ureter, bladder, to the Urethra. It causes uroliths. The stones start from small and then get bigger later on. Uroliths are the solid stones in the urinary. They often scratch into the urinary walls and cause wounds that are easy to get infected. There are many types of substances that can precipitate such as alkaline urinary stones, calcium oxalate, calcium Phosphorus and silicates.
The cause of uroliths might occur from :
- The over-concentration of the urine.
- High calcium in the urine.
- Urinary infection.
- Consuming food that causes the alkaline urine.
- Blood in urine
- Urinary Retention
- High frequency of urination
- Urinal infection
- High potassium in the blood
Blood in urine, Urinary Retention, High frequency of urination, voiding a small amount of urine, abdominal pain. These symptoms can lead to acute kidney failure, high glucose in the blood, acidosis, and can cause death.
Treatment and Prevention
For Treatment Crystals, accumulation has second type such as :
1. Surgery is the most effective treatment, by removing urolithiasis out of the bladder.
2. Consuming food that can disintegrate the stones. Only effective in some types of urolithiasis.
- Wikipedia | Bladder stone (animal)
- ACVS | Urinary Stones
- MSD MANUAL Veterinary Manual | Urolithiasis in Small Animals
- Harriet M. Syme. 2012. Stones in cats and dogs. Arab Journal of Urology. 10: 230–239.
- Lulich et al.2016. ACVIM Small Animal Consensus Recommendations on the Treatment and Prevention of Uroliths in Dogs and Cats. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 1-11.