Exophthalmos in dogs and cats
Exophthalmos is when the eyeball moves forward in an unusual position. It can found in dogs and cats, all breeds and ages.
Exophthalmos was first discovered in 1809 by Benjamin Travers.
Exophthalmos in dogs and cats can occur for many reasons, such as bleeding in the eye, pus in the eyes, inflammatory eye tissue (From bacteria or fungi), etc.
- Coloboma of the optic disc, cleft marks on the retina
- Bleeding in the eye
- Inflammation eyes tissue
- Pus in the eye
- Swollen eyelid
- Cherry eye
Treatment and Prevention
Treatment depends on the cause of Exophthalmos; you should consult your veterinarian. Exophthalmos can be prevented by taking care of your pet closely, taking care of them when they are doing activities to avoid injuries that can cause Exophthalmos.
- Wikipedia | Information of Exophthalmos
- Petmd | Eye Diseases in Cats: Exophthalmos, Enophthalmos and Strabismus
- Petmd | Diseases of the Orbit of the Eye in Dogs
- Pet Place | Exophthalmos in Cats
- Pet Place | Exophthalmos in Dogs
- Wag! | Exophtalmos in Dogs
- Brunton, C.E. 1935. Studies in Exophthalmos. The Effect of Certain Sympathomimetic Substances on the Eye of the Cat and Dog. From the Department of Physiology, London Hospital Medical College. 6I7.7-007.57:6I2.89i.
- Brunton, C.E. 1938. Smooth Muscle of the Periorbita and The Mechanism of Exophthalmos. The British Journal of Ophthalmology. 257-268.
- Brunton, C.E. 1940. The Production of Exophthalmos in the Dog by Acetylcholine. J. Physiol. 97: 383-393.
- Locke, C.E. 1924. Intracranial Arterio-Venous Aneurism or Pulsating Exophthalmos. ANNALS of SURGERY. 80(1): 1-24.
- Naffziger, H.C. Progressive Exophthalmos Following Thyroidectomy; Its Pathology and Treatment. San Francisco.
- "Prolapse of the Eye". The Merck Veterinary Manual. 2006. Retrieved 2007-03-23.