Oral cancer is the cause of abnormalities in tissues. Squamous cell carcinoma and Malignant melanoma are two types of cancer mostly found in dogs. Squamous cell carcinoma is also common in cats. There are other forms of oral cancer, such as Fibrosarcomas, Osteosarcomas, Mast cell tumors, and Chondrosarcomas. The tumors usually emerge in various parts of the oral cavity like teeth, oral soft tissue, molar, jawbone, tongue, and throat. The common signs of oral cancer include excessive saliva, bad breath, difficulty chewing, blood coming from the mouth and swollen, or deformed area on the face near the eyes, etc.
It’s not entirely clear what causes oral cancer, but the disease may be related to genetics. There are also other presumptions of oral cancer, such as excessive exposure to carcinogens, chronic injury, and viral infection.
Malignant melanoma is a dangerous form of cancer mostly found in senior dogs. These tumors will spread to other body parts, especially lymph glands, and lungs and appear as dark brown tumors in lower jawbone. As for Squamous cell carcinoma, it is often seen in the cat’s oral cavity as well as spread to the nearest lymph nodes and emerges on sublingual, gum, and cat’s upper jaw.
- Excessive saliva
- Bad breath
- Difficulty chewing
- Blood coming from the mouth
- Weight loss
- Loose teeth
- Deformed on the face
- Swollen area on the face near the eyes.
The symptoms of oral cancer include excessive saliva, bad breath, difficulty chewing, blood coming from the mouth, weight loss, loose teeth, tumors growth in the mouth, enlarged lymph nodes, swollen area on the face near the eyes, and deformed face.
Treatment and Prevention
Treatment is depending on the size of oral tumors in dogs. Cryosurgical ablation is a suitable option if the size is small and not yet spread. If the tumor is large and already spread, the cure is to remove the maxillary bone. After surgery, radiation may be recommended to make sure that the majority of cancerous cells are gone.
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