Lung Cancer in Dogs and Cats
Lung cancer is an effect of the condition when malignant tumors have grown and spread rapidly to various parts of the body, such as lymph node, bone, brain, and eyes. This type of cancer is more common in dogs rather than cats and can found in many breeds of dogs with 10 years of age and over. However, among all, Boxers are more prone to the disease. The common symptoms found in lung cancer in dogs and cats include easily tiring, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, lameness, and abdominal fluid retention, etc.
Although the cause of lung cancer in dogs and cats is still unknown, likely, those living in urban areas or perceiving the cigarette’s smoke will have more risks of the disease.
The lung is one of the essential organs of the vertebrates used for breathing. The organ is responsible primarily for sending oxygen from the environment into a circulatory system and exchange carbon dioxide from the circulatory system into the environment.
Most lung cancers are adenocarcinomas that develop from epithelial cells and transformed into lung tumors. The malignant tumors have grown and spread rapidly to various parts of the body, such as lymph node, bone, brain, and eyes.
- Difficulty breathing
- Shortness of breath
- Easily tiring
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Coughing up blood
- Muscle atrophy
- Abdominal fluid retention
The symptoms found in lung cancer in dogs and cats include pain, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, easily tiring, loss of appetite, weight loss, coughing up blood, lameness (in case cancer spreads to bone), muscle atrophy, abdominal fluid retention.
Treatment and Prevention
There are several methods of treatments available, including surgical removal of tumor — depending on the location and size of it; chemotherapy and radiotherapy which can occasionally replace a surgery; and alternative or herbal medicines.
- Criticalcaredvm | Lung tumors dogs and cats
- Honestdocs | Lung Cancer (Adenocarcinoma) in Dogs
- Petmd | Lung Cancer (Adenocarcinoma) in Dogs
- Miles, K. G. 1988. A REVIEW OF PRIMARY LUNG TUMORS IN THE DOG AND CAT. Veterinary Radiology, 29(3), 122–128
- Moulton, J. E., Tscharner, C. V., & Schneider, R. 1981. Classification of Lung Carcinomas in the Dog and Cat. Veterinary Pathology, 18(4), 513–528.
- Reif, J. S., Dunn, K., Ogilvie, G. K., & Harris, C. K. 1992. Passive Smoking and Canine Lung Cancer Risk. American Journal of Epidemiology, 135(3), 234–239.