Kidney Cancer in Dogs
Kidney cancer is a type of disorder that affects the kidney and can either originate within the organ or metastasize from another part of the body. The disease generally found in middle-aged to older dogs, but cases have also note in younger animals; the affected kidney often leads to acute kidney failure. The symptoms commonly found in kidney cancer in dogs include vomiting, blood in urine, loss of appetite, weakness, etc.
The unknown the cause of kidney cancer in dogs, but often found in dogs of middle to old ages, in both genders and all breeds, esp. German shepherds, which cancer probably develops within the kidney itself or spread from other organs.
Kidneys are one of the essential organs in the body. Being in a 2-bean-like shape and located in the lower part of the abdomen; it is responsible primarily for filtering the waste and excessive fluid in the blood. When renal cells grow abnormally and uncontrollably, malignant tumors will develop in the lining of the kidney tubules, which are also known as” renal cell carcinoma”. These tumors are likely to spread to other parts of the body, esp. the nearby lymph nodes and lungs.
- Kidney failures
- Increased thirst
- Blood in urine
- Frequent urination
- Loss of appetite
- Dental diseases
Signs of symptoms may not be exhibited in some dogs. However, when tumors start to grow, kidney failures will begin, causing other symptoms to show up, such as increased thirst, vomiting, blood in urine, more frequent urination, loss of appetite, weakness, depression and dental diseases.
Treatment and Prevention
Treatment varies depending on the spread behavior and strengths of the affected pets. Since surgery involves high risk, it will only prescribe if the second kidney is functioning properly and when cancer has not spread to other parts of the body. Antibiotics should prescribe after surgery to prevent secondary bacterial infections. Other treatments may apply along with the surgery, including medications, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.
- Bluepearlvet | Kidney tumors
- Wagwalking | Kidney cancer
- Petmd | Kidney Cancer (Adenocarcinoma) in Dogs
- Webmd | Understanding Kidney Cancer
- Yerramilli, M., Farace, G., Quinn, J., & Yerramilli, M. 2016. Kidney Disease and the Nexus of Chronic Kidney Disease and Acute Kidney Injury. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 46(6), 961–993.