Hematologic emergencies

Common info

There are many factors that cause Hematologic Emergencies, In the case of emergency, the owner should know the basic information first such as what are the symptoms? How long has it been? for further diagnosis. In all cases of emergency, the owner should consult a veterinarian to report initial symptoms of the pet In order to receive the treatment in time.

Hematologic Emergencies that are harmful to life, including severe bleeding or anemia.

Blood system includes blood formation, hemostasis, and fibrinolytic process which is an important process in nourishing organs in the body. Permeation is the process of transporting nutrients of arterial blood from the arteries to the branches of the capillaries in the tissues, that’s responsible for distributing oxygen, which if there are any abnormalities of these systems, it will cause oxygen deficiency, Internal organ failure,  and it’s an emergency that harms an animal’s life. It may cause acute blood loss, anemia and blood clotting in the abdomen.

In addition, in cases of low or high blood pressure, it is an emergency that requires urgent treatment. Because when the pressure is not functioning properly ( too low or too high) It may lead to circulatory shock, rapid heartbeat,  failure of various systems that harming their lives.

Sending blood samples has a significant effect on the diagnosis of animals in order to identify the symptoms of animals and disorders of the blood system.

 Things that need to be examined are as follows.

  • Red blood levels
  • All liquid levels
  • The level of waste in the body and kidney function
  • Blood sugar levels
  • Specific gravity of urine
  • pH and electrolyte

However, owners should always observe the symptoms of pets. When there is a tendency for such symptoms, you should consult a veterinarian for advice on prevention or for immediate treatment.

  1. MSD MANUAL Veterinary Manual | Emergency Care for Dogs and Cats
  2. Wiki Books | Emergency Medicine
  3. Wikipedia | Anemia
  4. Deborah R. Van Pelt et al. 1994. Hematologic emergencies. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. 24(6):1139-1172.
  5. Signe J. Plunkett. 2000. Chapter 6 - Hematologic Emergencies. By Emergency Procedures for the Small Animal Veterinarian. 101-132.
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